多厂商防火墙系列之十四:Juniper SRX系列 HA【包含路由模式与透明模式HA部署】 | 网络之路博客
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多厂商防火墙系列之十四:Juniper SRX系列 HA【包含路由模式与透明模式HA部署】

【汇总】多厂商防火墙系列

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测试环境:SRX 220H两台

配置须知:SRX 220H默认带外管理口Ge-0/0/6控制口:Ge-0/0/7数据同步口:Ge-0/0/1
使用集群则集群后接口标示为:Ge-0/0/0-7; Ge-3/0/0-7
不同型号集群后接口显示不同,详情见官方文档

拓扑对应IP:G-0/0/3:192.168.3.1/24
G-0/0/4:192.168.4.1/24
G-0/0/5:192.168..5.1/24
MGT:10.10.30.189-190/24
F0/0:192.168.4.2/24
F0/1:192.168.6.1/24 (模拟遥远互联网)

测试拓扑

 image001.png

一 路由模式HA

配置:
On device A:>set chassis cluster cluster-id 1 node 0 reboot
On device B:>set chassis cluster cluster-id 1 node 1 reboot
On device A:
set groups node0 system host-name SRX-Primary
set groups node0 interfaces fxp0 unit 0 family inet address 10.10.30.189/24
set groups node1 system host-name SRX-Secondby
set groups node1 interfaces fxp0 unit 0 family inet address 10.10.30.190/24
set apply-groups “${node}”
set interfaces fab0 fabric-options member-interfaces ge-0/0/1
set interfaces fab1 fabric-options member-interfaces ge-3/0/1
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 0 node 0 priority 100
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 0 node 1 priority 1
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 1 node 0 priority 100
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 1 node 1 priority 1
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 1 interface-monitor ge-0/0/3 weight 255
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 1 interface-monitor ge-0/0/4 weight 255
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 1 interface-monitor ge-0/0/5 weight 255
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 1 interface-monitor ge-3/0/3 weight 255
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 1 interface-monitor ge-3/0/4 weight 255
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 1 interface-monitor ge-3/0/5 weight 255
set chassis cluster reth-count 3
set interfaces ge-0/0/3 gigether-options redundant-parent reth0
set interfaces ge-3/0/3 gigether-options redundant-parent reth0
set interfaces reth0 redundant-ether-options redundancy-group 1
set interfaces reth0 unit 0 family inet address 192.168.3.1/24
set interfaces ge-0/0/4 gigether-options redundant-parent reth1
set interfaces ge-3/0/4 gigether-options redundant-parent reth1
set interfaces reth1 redundant-ether-options redundancy-group 1
set interfaces reth1 unit 0 family inet address 192.168.4.1/24
set interfaces ge-0/0/5 gigether-options redundant-parent reth2
set interfaces ge-3/0/5 gigether-options redundant-parent reth2
set interfaces reth2 redundant-ether-options redundancy-group 1
set interfaces reth2 unit 0 family inet address 192.168.5.1/24
set security zones security-zone trust interfaces reth0.0
set security zones security-zone untrust interfaces reth1.0
set security zones security-zone DMZ interfaces reth2.0

验证:
查看双机状态
root@SRX-Primary> show chassis cluster status
Cluster ID: 1
Node Priority Status Preempt Manual failover

Redundancy group: 0 , Failover count: 1
node0 100 primary no no
node1 1 secondary no no

Redundancy group: 1 , Failover count: 1
node0 100 primary no no
node1 1 secondary no no
测试主备切换;
 image003.png

查看当前设备主备情况;

 image005.png

配置解析:
On device A: >set chassis cluster cluster-id 1 node 0 reboot
//定义cluster-id和node,同一个集群cluster-id必须相同,取值范围为0-15,0代表禁用集群;node取值范围为0-1,0代表主设备
On device B: >set chassis cluster cluster-id 1 node 1 reboot
//定义cluster-id和node,同一个集群cluster-id必须相同,取值范围为0-15,0代表禁用集群;node取值范围为0-1,0代表主设备
On device A:
set groups node0 system host-name SRX-Primary
set groups node0 interfaces fxp0 unit 0 family inet address 10.10.30.189/24
set groups node1 system host-name SRX-Secondby
set groups node1 interfaces fxp0 unit 0 family inet address 10.10.30.190/24
//为集群设备配置单独的名字和管理IP地址
set apply-groups “${node}”
//让以上的全局配置应用到每个独立的节点上
set interfaces fab0 fabric-options member-interfaces ge-0/0/1
set interfaces fab1 fabric-options member-interfaces ge-3/0/1
//定义数据面板控制口并关联端口
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 0 node 0 priority 100
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 0 node 1 priority 1
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 1 node 0 priority 100
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 1 node 1 priority 1
//设置冗余组的对不同节点的优先级,优先级范围1-254.值越大优先级越高,一般习惯定义2个冗余组,redundancy-group 0用于控制引擎,redundancy-group 1用于控制数据引擎,当然你也可以为每组冗余端口放在一个redundancy-group组中
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 1 interface-monitor ge-0/0/3 weight 255
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 1 interface-monitor ge-0/0/4 weight 255
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 1 interface-monitor ge-0/0/5 weight 255
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 1 interface-monitor ge-3/0/3 weight 255
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 1 interface-monitor ge-3/0/4 weight 255
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 1 interface-monitor ge-3/0/5 weight 255
//配置接口监控在数据冗余口,不建议配置接口监控在redundancy-group 0,当监控到接口故障后优先级降255,实现数据口冗余自动切换
set chassis cluster reth-count 3
//定义集群最多支持多少组冗余接口,必须不低于当前配置的冗余口组数目,否则将有超过数量的冗余口不能正常工作,超过冗余组的冗余接口的路由信息都不生效
set interfaces ge-0/0/3 gigether-options redundant-parent reth0
set interfaces ge-3/0/3 gigether-options redundant-parent reth0
set interfaces reth0 redundant-ether-options redundancy-group 1
//把物理端口加入到冗余接口reth,并把接口reth0加入数据冗余组redundancy-group 1
set interfaces reth0 unit 0 family inet address 192.168.3.1/24
//为冗余逻辑接口配置IP地址
set interfaces ge-0/0/4 gigether-options redundant-parent reth1
set interfaces ge-3/0/4 gigether-options redundant-parent reth1
set interfaces reth1 redundant-ether-options redundancy-group 1
//把物理端口加入到冗余接口reth,并把接口reth1加入数据冗余组redundancy-group 1
set interfaces reth1 unit 0 family inet address 192.168.4.1/24
//为冗余逻辑接口配置IP地址
set interfaces ge-0/0/5 gigether-options redundant-parent reth2
set interfaces ge-3/0/5 gigether-options redundant-parent reth2
set interfaces reth2 redundant-ether-options redundancy-group 1
//把物理端口加入到冗余接口reth,并把接口reth2加入数据冗余组redundancy-group 1
set interfaces reth2 unit 0 family inet address 192.168.5.1/24
//为冗余逻辑接口配置IP地址
set security zones security-zone trust interfaces reth0.0
set security zones security-zone untrust interfaces reth1.0
set security zones security-zone DMZ interfaces reth2.0
//把集群的逻辑接口关联到ZONE

二 透明模式HA(Access接口);

配置:
On device A:>set chassis cluster cluster-id 1 node 0 reboot
On device B:>set chassis cluster cluster-id 1 node 1 reboot
On device A:
set groups node0 system host-name SRX-Primary
set groups node0 interfaces fxp0 unit 0 family inet address 10.10.30.189/24
set groups node1 system host-name SRX-Secondby
set groups node1 interfaces fxp0 unit 0 family inet address 10.10.30.190/24
set apply-groups “${node}”
set chassis cluster reth-count 3
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 0 node 0 priority 100
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 0 node 1 priority 1
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 1 node 0 priority 100
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 1 node 1 priority 1
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 1 interface-monitor ge-0/0/3 weight 255
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 1 interface-monitor ge-3/0/3 weight 255
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 1 interface-monitor ge-0/0/4 weight 255
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 1 interface-monitor ge-3/0/4 weight 255
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 1 interface-monitor ge-0/0/5 weight 255
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 1 interface-monitor ge-3/0/5 weight 255
set interfaces ge-0/0/3 gigether-options redundant-parent reth0
set interfaces ge-0/0/4 gigether-options redundant-parent reth1
set interfaces ge-0/0/5 gigether-options redundant-parent reth2
set interfaces ge-3/0/3 gigether-options redundant-parent reth0
set interfaces ge-3/0/4 gigether-options redundant-parent reth1
set interfaces ge-3/0/5 gigether-options redundant-parent reth2
set interfaces fab0 fabric-options member-interfaces ge-0/0/1
set interfaces fab1 fabric-options member-interfaces ge-3/0/1
set interfaces reth0 redundant-ether-options redundancy-group 1
set interfaces reth0 unit 0 family bridge interface-mode access
set interfaces reth0 unit 0 family bridge vlan-id 1
set interfaces reth1 redundant-ether-options redundancy-group 1
set interfaces reth1 unit 0 family bridge interface-mode access
set interfaces reth1 unit 0 family bridge vlan-id 1
set interfaces reth2 redundant-ether-options redundancy-group 1
set interfaces reth2 unit 0 family bridge interface-mode access
set interfaces reth2 unit 0 family bridge vlan-id 1
set bridge-domains sysway domain-type bridge
set bridge-domains sysway vlan-id 1


验证:

查看双机状态

 image007.png

配置解析:
On device A:>set chassis cluster cluster-id 1 node 0 reboot
On device B:>set chassis cluster cluster-id 1 node 1 reboot
//定义cluster-id和node,同一个集群cluster-id必须相同,取值范围为0-15,0代表禁用集群;node取值范围为0-1,0代表主设备
On device A:
set groups node0 system host-name SRX-Primary
set groups node0 interfaces fxp0 unit 0 family inet address 10.10.30.189/24
set groups node1 system host-name SRX-Secondby
set groups node1 interfaces fxp0 unit 0 family inet address 10.10.30.190/24
set apply-groups “${node}”
//把以上的全局配置应用到每个独立的节点上
set chassis cluster reth-count 3
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 0 node 0 priority 100
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 0 node 1 priority 1
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 1 node 0 priority 100
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 1 node 1 priority 1
//设置冗余组数量及冗余组的不同节点的优先级
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 1 interface-monitor ge-0/0/3 weight 255
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 1 interface-monitor ge-3/0/3 weight 255
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 1 interface-monitor ge-0/0/4 weight 255
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 1 interface-monitor ge-3/0/4 weight 255
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 1 interface-monitor ge-0/0/5 weight 255
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 1 interface-monitor ge-3/0/5 weight 255
//配置接口监控在数据冗余组
set interfaces ge-0/0/3 gigether-options redundant-parent reth0
set interfaces ge-0/0/4 gigether-options redundant-parent reth1
set interfaces ge-0/0/5 gigether-options redundant-parent reth2
set interfaces ge-3/0/3 gigether-options redundant-parent reth0
set interfaces ge-3/0/4 gigether-options redundant-parent reth1
set interfaces ge-3/0/5 gigether-options redundant-parent reth2
//把物理接口关联到冗余组
set interfaces fab0 fabric-options member-interfaces ge-0/0/1
set interfaces fab1 fabric-options member-interfaces ge-3/0/1
//定义数据面板控制口并关联端口
set interfaces reth0 redundant-ether-options redundancy-group 1
//定义接口reth0口关联到redundancy-group 1
set interfaces reth0 unit 0 family bridge interface-mode access
//设置逻辑接口为网桥模式并且接口类型为access
set interfaces reth0 unit 0 family bridge vlan-id 1
//设置逻辑接口为网桥模式并允许vlan 1的数据包通过(建议VLAN ID值与直连交换机的接口属于同一个VLAN)
set interfaces reth1 redundant-ether-options redundancy-group 1
set interfaces reth1 unit 0 family bridge interface-mode access
set interfaces reth1 unit 0 family bridge vlan-id 1
set interfaces reth2 redundant-ether-options redundancy-group 1
set interfaces reth2 unit 0 family bridge interface-mode access
set interfaces reth2 unit 0 family bridge vlan-id 1
//设置reth1,reth2的相关属性
set bridge-domains sysway domain-type bridge
//定义网桥域类型及网桥域名称
set bridge-domains sysway vlan-id 1
//定义网桥域的VLAN ID 建议和reth接口定义的一样

三 透明模式HA(Trunk接口)

配置:
On device A:>set chassis cluster cluster-id 1 node 0 reboot
On device B:>set chassis cluster cluster-id 1 node 1 reboot
On device A:
set groups node0 system host-name SRX-Primary
set groups node0 interfaces fxp0 unit 0 family inet address 10.10.30.189/24
set groups node1 system host-name SRX-Secondby
set groups node1 interfaces fxp0 unit 0 family inet address 10.10.30.190/24
set apply-groups “${node}”
set chassis cluster reth-count 3
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 0 node 0 priority 100
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 0 node 1 priority 1
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 1 node 0 priority 100
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 1 node 1 priority 1
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 1 interface-monitor ge-0/0/3 weight 255
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 1 interface-monitor ge-3/0/3 weight 255
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 1 node 0 priority 100
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 1 node 1 priority 1
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 1 interface-monitor ge-0/0/4 weight 255
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 1 interface-monitor ge-3/0/4 weight 255
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 1 node 0 priority 100
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 1 node 1 priority 1
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 1 interface-monitor ge-0/0/5 weight 255
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 1 interface-monitor ge-3/0/5 weight 255
set interfaces ge-0/0/3 gigether-options redundant-parent reth0
set interfaces ge-0/0/4 gigether-options redundant-parent reth1
set interfaces ge-0/0/5 gigether-options redundant-parent reth2
set interfaces ge-3/0/3 gigether-options redundant-parent reth0
set interfaces ge-3/0/4 gigether-options redundant-parent reth1
set interfaces ge-3/0/5 gigether-options redundant-parent reth2
set interfaces fab0 fabric-options member-interfaces ge-0/0/1
set interfaces fab1 fabric-options member-interfaces ge-3/0/1
set interfaces reth0 redundant-ether-options redundancy-group 1
set interfaces reth0 vlan-tagging
set interfaces reth0 native-vlan-id 1
set interfaces reth0 unit 0 family bridge interface-mode trunk
set interfaces reth0 unit 0 family bridge vlan-id-list 1-1000
set interfaces reth1 redundant-ether-options redundancy-group 1
set interfaces reth1 vlan-tagging
set interfaces reth1 native-vlan-id 1
set interfaces reth1 unit 0 family bridge interface-mode trunk
set interfaces reth1 unit 0 family bridge vlan-id-list 1-1000
set interfaces reth2 redundant-ether-options redundancy-group 1
set interfaces reth2 vlan-tagging
set interfaces reth2 native-vlan-id 1
set interfaces reth2 unit 0 family bridge interface-mode trunk
set interfaces reth2 unit 0 family bridge vlan-id-list 1-1000
set bridge-domains sysway vlan-id-list 1-1000

验证:
 image007.png
 image011.png

当前双机状态

 image013.png

配置解析:
On device A:>set chassis cluster cluster-id 1 node 0 reboot
On device B:>set chassis cluster cluster-id 1 node 1 reboot
//定义cluster-id和node,同一个集群cluster-id必须相同,取值范围为0-15,0代表禁用集群;node取值范围为0-1,0代表主设备
On device A:
set groups node0 system host-name SRX-Primary
set groups node0 interfaces fxp0 unit 0 family inet address 10.10.30.189/24
set groups node1 system host-name SRX-Secondby
set groups node1 interfaces fxp0 unit 0 family inet address 10.10.30.190/24
set apply-groups “${node}”
//把以上的全局配置应用到每个独立的节点上
set chassis cluster reth-count 3
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 0 node 0 priority 100
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 0 node 1 priority 1
//设置冗余组数量及控制冗余组的不同节点的优先级
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 1 node 0 priority 100
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 1 node 1 priority 1
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 1 interface-monitor ge-0/0/3 weight 255
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 1 interface-monitor ge-3/0/3 weight 255
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 1 node 0 priority 100
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 1 node 1 priority 1
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 1 interface-monitor ge-0/0/4 weight 255
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 1 interface-monitor ge-3/0/4 weight 255
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 1 node 0 priority 100
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 1 node 1 priority 1
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 1 interface-monitor ge-0/0/5 weight 255
set chassis cluster redundancy-group 1 interface-monitor ge-3/0/5 weight 255
//配置接口监控在数据冗余组
set interfaces ge-0/0/3 gigether-options redundant-parent reth0
set interfaces ge-0/0/4 gigether-options redundant-parent reth1
set interfaces ge-0/0/5 gigether-options redundant-parent reth2
set interfaces ge-3/0/3 gigether-options redundant-parent reth0
set interfaces ge-3/0/4 gigether-options redundant-parent reth1
set interfaces ge-3/0/5 gigether-options redundant-parent reth2
//把物理接口关联到数据冗余组
set interfaces fab0 fabric-options member-interfaces ge-0/0/1
set interfaces fab1 fabric-options member-interfaces ge-3/0/1
//定义数据面板控制口并关联端口
set interfaces reth0 redundant-ether-options redundancy-group 1
//定义接口reth0口关联到redundancy-group 1
set interfaces reth0 vlan-tagging
//开启接口支持802.1Q
set interfaces reth0 native-vlan-id 1
//设置接口的本征VLAN ID为1
set interfaces reth0 unit 0 family bridge interface-mode trunk
//设置逻辑接口的模式为中继模式
set interfaces reth0 unit 0 family bridge vlan-id-list 1-1000
//设置接口允许通过的VLAN ID值
set interfaces reth1 redundant-ether-options redundancy-group 1
set interfaces reth1 vlan-tagging
set interfaces reth1 native-vlan-id 1
set interfaces reth1 unit 0 family bridge interface-mode trunk
set interfaces reth1 unit 0 family bridge vlan-id-list 1-1000
set interfaces reth2 redundant-ether-options redundancy-group 1
set interfaces reth2 vlan-tagging
set interfaces reth2 native-vlan-id 1
set interfaces reth2 unit 0 family bridge interface-mode trunk
set interfaces reth2 unit 0 family bridge vlan-id-list 1-1000
//设置reth1,reth2的相关属性
set bridge-domains sysway vlan-id-list 1-1000
//定义网桥域及允许的VLAN ID 建议和reth接口定义的一样
高版本的Trunk模式HA网桥域定义: set bridge-domains SRX650-CRM domain-type bridge vlan-id-list 1-1000 待验证!

注意点

1. 桥接域(Bridge Domains):属于同一泛洪或广播域的一组逻辑接口。在同一个Vlan里,桥接域可以跨越多个设备的一个或多个接口。默认情况下,每个桥接域都维护着自己的MAC地址转发表,从属于本桥接域的接口接受的数据包。在桥接域里转发的数据包,必须是一个已经被打上Vlan ID的数据包,并且这个Vlan ID 是属于这个桥接域的。
2. SRX不支持路由与透明模式同时运行,初始时是运行在路由模式下,当配置成透明时必须要重启设备。
3. 桥接模式,layer2接口模式有2种模式:trunk和access。
4. Irb接口:irb接口类似原来在screenOS平台下的vlan 1 接口,起一个桥接模式下的接口管理的作用。irb接口必须是在桥接域配置为单个vlan ID才能配置。当桥接域里配置是vlan-id-list时,irb是不能配置的。
5. 当control port 或fabric link 出现故障时,为避免出现双master (split-brain)现象,JSRP 会把出现故障前状态为secdonary 的node 设为disabled 状态,即除了RE,其余部件都不工作。想要恢复必须reboot该node。
6.SRX透明模式下HA,STP在防火墙破除,这样使得SRX在透明模式HA,可实现无缝切换
7.防火墙存在接口类型为以太网的则不支持配置集群,如果防火墙有以太网接口则当配置开启集群重启后不能进入配置模式,必须先删除以太网接口再开启集群功能
8 通过测试可知:Juniper SRX透明模式下HA,支持无缝切换,环路在Juniper SRX设备上破除没有通过直连防火墙的交换机破除STP,所以透明墙切换不会中断业务(待验证!!!)

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